Black birch trees are classified as intolerant of shade and in densely populated areas where there is no access to sunlight, the trees will succumb to competition. Other common names for this tree include western birch, red birch, river birch, black birch, and western red birch. River birch (Betula nigra): Sometimes called black birch, this species has a much darker trunk than the paper birch, but still has the characteristic flaky surface. The female (pistallate) catkin forms in early spring within lateral buds, appearing within the leaves of the tree. Black birch habitats average about 45 inches of precipitation per year, half of which falls in the growing season, and average annual temperatures of 45° F to 56° F with extremes from 74° F to 15 °F. How to Identify a Tree by Its Bark Smooth, unbroken bark. The green cones appear in the spring and in the late summer/early fall turn brown and shatter to release their ripened seeds. Upon ripening in the late summer/early fall, the fruit breaks apart, releasing its seeds. River birch has a scaly gray-black bark on older trees. Blueleaf birch has whitish bark that will not peel, but with a reddish tint to it. Quercus velutina, the black oak, is a species of oak in the red oak group (Quercus sect. Sometimes you'll notice that a tree's... Lots of lenticels. They fall from mid-September to November, and in natural conditions will normally germinate the following spring. However, the black birch is not very susceptible to winter killing and is moderately resistant to drought. Betula Populifolia Gray Birch The male (staminate) catkin is green and 3/4 to 1 inch long. In general, black birch has low fruit-seed abundance. They are singly or irregularly doubly serrated on their margins. Betula lenta, known by the common names of black birch, sweet birch, or cherry birch, is a native birch species present throughout much of eastern North America. This tree is a source of food and lodge material for the common North American beaver. Mature tree bark turns dark brown to black and breaks up into scales and plates. Black Locust trees have a narrow crown that tends to become bushy as the tree ages. Black birch was once harvested extensively to produce oil of wintergreen—the tree was borderline endangered until the 1950s-60s when synthetic oil of wintergreen appeared. Black Locust trees usually grow to between 12 to 30 meters high, or 40 to 100 feet high. Identification of the birch leaves comes from possessing knowledge of their assorted features. The Tree is a deciduous tree, it will be up to 25 m (82 ft) high. Betula lenta (sweet birch, also known as black birch, cherry birch, mahogany birch, or spice birch) is a species of birch native to eastern North America, from southern Maine west to southernmost Ontario, and south in the Appalachian Mountains to northern Georgia. The black birch is monoecious with male and female catkin flowers. The female catkin is 1/2 to 3/4 inch in length and when fertilied, gives rise to green cones. This evergreen is a type of juniper tree. A characteristic feature of the twigs of the black birch is that when broken, they have a strong wintergreen aroma. Blueleaf birch has whitish bark that will not peel, but with a reddish tint to it. The leaves of Black birch is green, ovate, up to 10 cm (3.9 in) long. Found in moist ravines and cool forests with well drained, moist, deep, and rich soil, but also can occasionally be found in rocky or shallow soils. From mid-August to mid-September, seeds ripen and are housed in erect strobili. The inner bark of the black birch has a strong wintergreen scent. Betula Nigra River Birch, Black Birch. The bark of young trees is reddish brown to black with lighter colored lenticels. The leaves tend to be 2 to 4 inches long and are a dark, shiny green during the summer, turning bright yellow and gold in the fall. The bark is dark red-brown to blackish, and smooth. After growing to about ¾ of an inch, they open in the spring. They have a diameter of between 0.60 to 1.2 meters ( 2- 4 feet). Black birch is native to eastern North America, from southern Maine west to southern Ontario, and south down through the Appalachian region into Georgia. It is sometimes called the eastern black oak. Size. Sweet birch should not be confused with river birch, Betula nigra, a tree of wetlands and flood plains.Unfortunately, both Betula lenta and Betula nigra are sometimes called black birch. Unlike other birch trees, its bark does not peel. The Black birch is native to eastern North America. Black birch leaves densely cover the twigs and branches of the canopy in the late spring to early fall. Native to the northern US, Alaska, and most of Canada. Stand at a distance from a birch tree and consider the overall shape of the species. It’s possible that river birch can be used to make wintergreen extract, but I have no experience with that tree, so I’m not recommending it. Black birch are also susceptible to fire damage. The conspicuous fall foliage makes it a popular garden tree. It is tolerant to acidic and alkaline soils as well as salt spray, allowing it to thrive in many conditions. Black birch leaves are simple, alternate, elliptical to ovate with an acute tip and cordate base. Removed from its industrial history, it is now primarily found in forests and used as an ornamental tree in landscaping. Native to the eastern US. Yellow birch has bronze colored bark that curls up in small strips on the tree. In its native environment, it is common to the eastern third of the U.S. Staminate catkins hang down from twigs during the winter months and pistallate catkins bud off the ends of short-spur like branches. The most important fungi include white trunk rot, while the most prevalent leaf-eating insects include birch tubemaker, http://dendro.cnre.vt.edu/dendrology/syllabus/factsheet.cfm?ID=11, https://plants.jstor.org/stable/10.5555/al.ap.flora.fna003_betula_lenta?searchUri=filter%3Dname%26so%3Dps_group_by_genus_species%2Basc%26Query%3Dbetula%2Blenta, https://gobotany.newenglandwild.org/species/betula/lenta/, https://www.na.fs.fed.us/spfo/pubs/silvics_manual/Volume_2/betula/lenta.htm, http://www.mortonarb.org/trees-plants/tree-plant-descriptions/sweet-birch.

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