Analytic philosophers adopt a logocentric approach to the study of language, meaning that they aim to elicit meaning from the elements of the language, such as syntax and context. Deconstruction can take on many forms and approaches, but the one I want to use is the style of it we find in works like Of Grammatology and Speech and Phenomena. With this strategy of generalizing the definition of the devalued term in the binary opposition between speech and writing, Derrida has just deconstructed the binary opposition. As he put it, “Objective thinking is wholly indifferent to subjectivity, and by the same token to inwardness and appropriation” (Concluding Unscientific Postscript, p. 64). One word: différance. ... For example, in an empirical context, we would assert the identity of a chair by saying the chair is the chair. This principle privileges identity over difference insofar as it holds that identities are primary and that differences are always secondary differences between identities. This problem harkens back to the old Greek debate concerning being (Parmenides) and becoming (Heraclitus). We cannot kick différance away once and for all! Derrida explained it like this: We can call “context” the entire “real-history-of-the-world,” if you like, in which this value of objectivity and, even more broadly, that of truth (etc.) Is an object ever truly equivalent to itself? First, let’s take a quick look at how some of the most famous philosophers have articulated the law of identity. (Phenomenology of Perceptions, pp. As long as the indeterminate future is open to us, so long as we have a future to create, we are unfinished and, therefore, cannot be systematically interpreted in an objective manner. The microwave generates a field of “differences” (intensities) that actualize certain virtual potentials within the kernels. This simple change in appearance does not deconstruct the milk bottle as a milk bottle. Does it matter that most pop music is awful? Fielding Derrida: Philosophy, Literary Criticism, History, and the Work of Deconstruction  (Perspectives in Continental Philosophy), Fordham University Press, Joshua Kates, Essential History: Jacques Derrida and the Development of Deconstruction (Northwestern University Studies in Phenomenology and Existential Philosophy), Northwestern University Press, Mark C. Taylor (ed. It is the same as with style: the only writer who really has style is the one who never has anything finished, but ‘troubles the waters of language’ every time he begins, so that for him the most everyday expression comes into being with the pristine freshness of a new birth. As is well-known, Kierkegaard held that this tendency towards the objectification of the existential subject is at its strongest in Hegel’s system. Also, the first A and the second A are never exactly the same. 147). To do this, Derrida proposed deconstructionism, a new technique for literary interpretation. The diachronic relations that help to make up the meaning of a signifier are the relations between its current meaning and all of its past meanings (diachronic traces). The phenomenon’s identity is fundamentally connected to our perception of it, that is, to our experiential position relative to the object. With the help of a tool (the rock), the thrower is able to act at a distance. The Deconstruction of Identity: Derrida and the First Law of Logic. It is a theory of literary criticism that questions traditional assumptions about certainty, identity, and truth; asserts that words can only refer to other words; and attempts to demonstrate how statements about any text subvert their own meanings. An exploration and a consideration. The very formula of identity is comprised of three symbols: A, =, A. Although the previous example raises interesting questions regarding the effectiveness of written language, Kates replies that Derrida intended to reevaluate not the written word but the entire hierarchy itself. This law states that each thing is identical with itself. 14–5). Deconstruction The Truth in Painting (1987). His essay entitled Structure, Sign, and Play in the Discourse of the Human Sciences is the origin which started the debate which formed itself into a theory later known widely as Deconstruction. For him, we are ontologically unfinished so long as we exist, that is, the human being is a work in progress. Now, consider a similar scenario in which one person throws a rock at another.

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