I was wondering if the lupin plant looked the same in Boulevard California as it does in Minnesota? The calyx is silky, without bractlets; its upper labium with a protuberant basis, is integral or weakly emarginate, the lower one is integral, almost twice longer than upper. Help support this site ~ Information for sponsor opportunities. It is blooming right now! It is found primarily on dry, sandy soils in open to partially shaded habitats. Remaining habitat is often fragmented, which is problematic for the lupine because it limits the range over which it can reproduce. Habitat loss has led to the decline in plants, and put the Karner Blue on the endangered species list. The upper parts may be blue, or two-tone blue and purple, or blue and white. This species, also sometimes called garden lupine, is an ornamental perennial that is hardy in USDA zones 3 to 6. There are also tall Russell Lupins that bring forth red, white, blue, cream, carmine and pink flowers. Flowers are in a spike-like cluster to 8 inches long. Wild Lupine is the only host plant for the Karner Blue butterfly caterpillar. I've half heartedly tried to grow lupin in our native wildflower gardens off and on several times but I've had almost no success. The inflorescence is long, sparsely flowered, sometimes almost verticillate. Among these are the clouded sulphur, eastern tailed blue, gray hairstreak, silvery blue, wild indigo duskywing, frosted elfin (Callophrys irus), the eastern Persius duskywing (Erynnis persius persius),[9] and the rare and endangered Karner blue (Plebejus melissa samuelis), whose caterpillars feed only on the lupine leaves. I live in north western Minn. Is this plant self seeding? Unfortunately, I think the cat hair drew some other kind of animal. Jim, what you see all along roadsides in northeast MN is not the native lupine, but a western species introduced by gardeners that escaped cultivation and is now running amok, unchecked. It propagated by offsetting rhizomes from the root and by seed. Thank you I have two small plants to get in the ground ASAP. Pods are yellow-grayish-brown, with straight lines, necklace-shaped, short and closely hirsute, easy shattered, with 5–6 seeds. I have planted some small plugs in both sunny and part-shade locations in my very sandy soil, so one would think it would work out. Trying to create butterfly garden. If your soil is too rich or moist it may well cause root rot. I also planted packages of other wild flowers and they are blooming beautiful. They are bountiful here unless I’m misidentifying Thanks. The carina is weakly ciliate. The leaves are palmately compound with 7–11 leaflets arranged radially. Most were 8. Is it in bloom now??? In some types of Lupine yellow flowers are also seen. Can you eat them. [citation needed] One reason this occurs is that lupine seed coats are so tough that only pressure changes due to rapid heating or abrasion are strong enough to allow water to penetrate and start germination. Pick an image for a larger view. Fire suppression and habitat loss has led to fewer wild blue lupine in the wild. [6][7] Lupinus polyphyllus is not native to eastern North America, but has naturalized in areas in the upper Midwest and New England. Lupinus perennis is difficult for me to grow. This is blooming in abundance at the Murphy-Hanrehan Park Reserve right now, in the prairie areas southwest of the Horse Trailer parking lot. Your Name: Rabitts gnawed on the the plants when they were newly planted, but some cat hair helped deter them. Wild Lupine is readily distinguished from Baptisia spp. Currently it is considered "rare" in Pennsylvania, a species of special concern in Rhode Island], threatened in Iowa, Maryland, and New Hampshire;[2] it is endangered in Vermont, and is extirpated (locally extinct) in Maine. I saw this 2 weeks ago growing in a ditch in a heavily wooded area of a sandy dirt road just outside of the Gen. Andrews State forest. We may have to shift away from the prairie a bit. The wild blue lupine, or common lupine, is a member of the Fabaceae, or pea family. Other similar species in Illinois have either trifoliate leaves (3 leaflets per compound leaf) or pinnate compound leaves. The DNR does not recognize it as native though some sources would have you believe otherwise. Where in Minnesota? Individual flowers are ¾ to 1 inch long and a typical pea-shape, on a short stalk. Branching, if any, is tightly compact and usually on older plants. There are two species of lupine in MN, one native to MN and another native to the western US, but not MN. Habitat: Wild Lupine is a long-lived nitrogen fixing plant that grows from a taproot which penetrates the soil to a great depth. 6/17/13. The main threats to Lupinus perennis are thought to be habitat loss, habitat fragmentation, and poor management. I was just wondering what is the difference between wild/blue lupine the kind that is the host plant for the blue karner butterfly versus purple lupine the invasive species? They are pretty, but invasive. Lupins can be of many colors. Dickinson, T.; Metsger, D.; Bull, J.; & Dickinson, R. (2004). It is a cool season plant so it dies down in the heat of summer and some years may not put up a stem. Does lupine do best when planted early spring or early fall? Yeah, it's pretty, but doesn't belong there. [citation needed], Lupinus perennis is commonly mistaken for Lupinus polyphyllus (large-leaved lupine), which is commonly planted along roadsides. There are probably two different species: Lupinus polyphyllus, large-leaved lupine, which is all blue-violet, and the Russell hybrid, which color ranges from white to pink to blue-violet. I am a teacher working on rehabing our school's prairie restoration/butterfly garden. Floral bracts are styliform, shorter than the calyx, early falling. The lower parts are forced open by insects to reveal a horn-shaped stamen. The lower parts of the flower are blue. Hopefully, you'll have better luck gardening with Lupinus Perennis than I do. This decline has in turn been deemed one of the primary causes of the decline of the Karner blue butterfly. It is found in the wild in pine barrens and sandy areas in the eastern United States. Sharon, FYI you have the wrong lupine - the species growing along roadsides on the north shore is the invasive Lupinus polyphyllus (native to western US, not MN), not the MN native L. perennis. We plan to come up to duluth this week (June 19, 2017) to see the lupine on the way to Two Harbors. [10] Leaves that have been fed on by Karner blues have distinctive transparent areas where the larvae have selectively eaten only the green, fleshy parts. Garret, if you're planting seed, I suggest following the instructions provided by the seed vendor, assuming it's someone specializing in natives. The packet was labeled "Silver Creek Seeds", Two Harbors, MN. Your email address: (required) I discovered four piles of mysterious whitish tan scat near the cat hair. This is blooming now in the open meadows at Crow-Hassan Park Reserve near St. Michael. Stems are hairy to varying degrees and may become smooth with age. Lupine Colors. Fire suppression and habitat loss has led to fewer wild blue lupine in the wild. Bob, you could plant some in pots and wait for the leaves to emerge, then you could tell for sure which lupine you have. (Wild Indigos) and other similar species in the Bean family by the abundant leaflets of its palmate leaves (7-11 per leaf). Leaves are alternate on long stems and are palmately divided into 7 to 11 oblanceolate leaflets and occur below the inflorescence. Wild lupine is a perennial plant in the pea family with beautiful pink to blue flowers. You may see that in St Louis county more than the native variety. does anyone know the scientific names? Note: All comments are moderated before posting to keep the riff-raff out. Photos by K. Chayka taken at Long Lake Regional Park, Ramsey County. Is there a reference I can check for additional information? The other lupine that is especially widespread in NE MN is Lupinus polyphyllus. (Bigleaf Lupine has 11 to [6][8] Lupinus polyphyllus has 11–17 leaflets that can reach 13 cm (5 in) in length while Lupinus perennis has 7–11 leaflets which only reach around 5 cm (2 in) in length.[6]. Wild Lupins are usually purple or rich blue in color. I planted Lupine last fall and have not seen the plant yet. If you would like to see a huge bloom of these plants visit the Sherburne National Wildlife Refuge along the driving route.

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